Anji Play is a comprehensive early childhood curriculum and philosophy with broad applicability to all learning settings. Understanding and creating the conditions of Love, Risk, Joy, Engagement, and Reflection lie at the heart of the practice of Anji Play. 

In a school setting, the Anji Play approach includes specifically designed play materials and environments (indoor and outdoor), specific teacher practices, specific approaches to teacher, parent, and community growth, and a coherent and specific philosophy that calls for the discovery of the capable child, the sharing of those discoveries with others, and for True Play to be the child’s primary and most critical experience of direct learning. True play is any activity that is guided freely by the child’s intention, and that is safe for the individual, the group, and the environment. 

The stance of the teacher.

The stance of the teacher.

The stance of the administrator

The stance of the administrator

In the practice of Anji Play, the child and adult are both learners, and discoverers and creators of meaning. However, their roles and responsibilities differ:

  • The child’s role is to discover the world, themselves, and others.

  • The role of the adult is to provide, maintain, reflect on, and adjust the conditions for the child to take part in the most deeply engaged and joyous expressions of True Play.

  • The role of the adult is to create the conditions for the child to reflect on and express their experiences.

  • The role of the adult is to create human and physical environments that embody trust in the child as a capable learner, that are safe, accessible, consistent, honest, open, predictable, and are defined by clearly articulated, simple, and reasonable expectations.

  • These environments provide the learner with the greatest freedom to understand the world and themselves, and the love, safety, and trust to obtain a firm grasp of skills and abilities that are both expected and unexpected by others.

  • These environments provide learners (children) the time to follow their intentions through to completion within a larger framework of time organization that responds to the needs of the individual child and group, and to the priorities of the creator and maintainer of the conditions of learning. 


In the Anji Play approach, all available resources are considered based on their use-value in pursuing the goal of discovering (understanding) children and learning, and sharing and reflecting on those discoveries. For that reason, technology plays a central, specific, and evolving role in the practice of Anji Play.

Screen Shot 2019-09-09 at 12.49.23 PM.png

In Anji, teachers record play in photos and videos, they show those photos and videos to those same children in the classroom on the same day they were taken, and those children lead a discussion of their experiences.

Teachers also use these photos and videos of children taking part in True Play in their work together intramurally, within their institution and with related family and community members, and extramurally, with fellow teachers at the local, regional, national and international level.

The teacher’s reflection on these recordings, through a variety of frames, informs their practice as teachers, their decisions about curriculum and environments, policy-formation, and advocacy strategies.


In the practice of Anji Play, precedence is always given to the learner using their own means of expression (including specific language) to reflect on or describe their experience. Learners are asked open-ended, clarifying questions during group and individual reflection, and great care is taken by the teacher to not lead children to specific insights, discoveries, or learning outcomes during play or during reflection on play. Tools and activities for documenting and measuring growth, environmental change, and the self are supplied to the learner, but their use and meaning is largely determined by the learner as part of activities which are the subject of regular reflection. 

The practice and philosophy of Anji Play views all people as capable learners with individual needs and the capacity to grow. For children, much of that growth is part of their natural trajectory.


Large, open-ended, and minimally structured inter-relating materials, and open and varied natural environments and outdoor spaces provide children with a variety of complex potential inputs to self-structure their use of their entire bodies to understand, assess, and define fundamental concepts and truths.

Free and open indoor environments allow children the space and freedom to move, use, organize, and manage a wide variety of smaller, open-ended materials. Walls are occupied by a changing, evolving, and growing body of child-expression organized by the adult. 

Screen Shot 2019-09-09 at 7.58.39 PM.png

Tip for implementation: create an environment where it is safe to step back and observe people deeply engaged in the activity of their choice. Provide open-ended and minimally structured materials, free environments, and clear expectations. Share what you observe, think about what you are doing, and ask participants to reflect on their experiences through a variety of media. Be open, listen, and share your work.